- United States Currency Index -
The first United States paper money under the Constitution dates from 1861 when the Demand Notes were issued defining the term "Greenback". From then to now, all currency issued by the United States Government has remained valid.
My collection is a type collection of the first 3 denominations. There are some areas where I have more such as the Fractionals and Emergency notes which I have all denominations. All images shown in the links below are from my personal collection unless otherwise noted.
Paper money was first issued and circulated in 1812. This demand was brought on by the War of 1812. The series lasted only through 1815 but was considered very successful since all banks and merchants accepted them. It would not be until 1861 when the US Government would pass Congress Acts allowing the creation of legal currency. Since the first Act of July 17, 1861, there have been eleven (11) types of currency printed.
|Broken Bank Notes||Prior to 1861||History of First and Second Banks|
|Demand Notes||1861-1862||Act of Congress July 17 and Aug. 5, 1861|
|Interest Bearing Notes||1861-1865||Act of Congress July 17, 1861|
|Fractional Currency||1862-1876||Act of Congress July 17, 1862|
|United States Notes||1862-1966||Act of Congress February 25, 1862|
|National Bank Notes||1863-1929||Act of Congress February 25, 1863|
|Gold Certificates||1863-1928||Act of Congress March 3, 1863|
|Silver Certificates||1878-1957||Act of Congress February 28, 1878|
|Treasury or Coin Notes||1890-1891||Act of Congress July 14, 1890|
|Federal Reserve Bank Notes||1915-1918||Act of Congress December 23, 1913|
|Federal Reserve Notes||1914-Current||Act of Congress December 23, 1913|
|World War II Emergency Notes||1942-1944|